Bank-owned life insurance (BOLI) has gained significant popularity as a tax-efficient investment tool for both banks and high-net-worth individuals. This unique investment option offers attractive returns, tax advantages, and insurance coverage, making it an appealing choice. In this article, we will delve into the world of BOLI and explore how one can effectively invest in it.

Understanding Bank-Owned Life Insurance (BOLI)

Bank-owned life insurance, commonly known as BOLI, is a life insurance policy purchased by a financial institution on the lives of their employees or key executives. The policyholder, in this case, is the bank, while employees are typically the insured individuals. The primary purpose of BOLI is to provide the bank with an additional source of tax-advantaged income and to offer insurance protection.

One of the key advantages of BOLI is its tax efficiency. The cash value growth of the policy is tax-deferred, allowing for potential exponential growth over time. Additionally, tax-free access to the accumulated cash value through policy loans or withdrawals is possible. This makes BOLI an attractive investment option for banks and individuals seeking tax advantages.

Who Can Invest in Bank-Owned Life Insurance?

BOLI investments are available for both banks and individual investors. Banks often invest in BOLI to offset the cost of employee benefit plans, primarily pensions and other post-employment benefits. For individual investors, BOLI offers a unique opportunity to diversify their investment portfolio and potentially generate tax-advantaged returns.

However, investing in BOLI requires careful consideration and understanding of the associated risks and regulations. It is highly recommended to consult with a financial advisor or insurance specialist before making any investment decisions.

Benefits of Investing in Bank-Owned Life Insurance

Investing in BOLI can provide numerous benefits for both banks and individual investors. Let’s explore some of the key advantages:

  • Tax Advantages: As mentioned earlier, BOLI offers significant tax benefits. The policy’s cash value growth is tax-deferred, which means there are no annual income taxes on the investment earnings. Additionally, tax-free policy loans and withdrawals can be made, providing access to the accumulated cash value without tax implications.
  • Steady Returns: BOLI typically offers stable and predictable returns compared to other investment options. The underlying investments within the policy are often conservative, focusing on fixed-income securities, such as bonds. This stable approach ensures a steady stream of income over the policy’s lifespan.
  • Insurance Coverage: Apart from the investment benefits, BOLI also provides insurance coverage. In the event of an insured individual’s death, the bank receives the death benefit, which can help offset any potential financial losses related to the employee’s role within the organization.
  • Portfolio Diversification: BOLI can be an excellent tool for diversifying an investment portfolio. Its unique characteristics and tax advantages make it an attractive alternative to traditional investment options, such as stocks or real estate. By adding BOLI to a well-rounded investment strategy, investors can potentially enhance risk-adjusted returns.

Important Considerations Before Investing

Before investing in BOLI, it is crucial to consider several key factors:

  • Risks: Like any investment, BOLI comes with its own set of risks. These risks include interest rate fluctuations, policy lapse, and regulatory changes. Understanding and assessing these risks is essential before committing to any investment.
  • Regulatory Compliance: BOLI is subject to various regulatory requirements and guidelines. It is crucial to ensure compliance with all applicable laws and regulations to avoid any potential legal or financial implications.
  • Expert Guidance: Due to the complexities and unique nature of BOLI investments, seeking expert guidance and advice from financial advisors or insurance specialists is highly recommended.


Bank-owned life insurance (BOLI) presents an appealing investment option for both banks and individual investors. With its tax advantages, steady returns, insurance coverage, and potential for portfolio diversification, BOLI can be an excellent addition to an investment strategy. However, it is essential to thoroughly understand the risks and regulations associated with BOLI and seek expert guidance before investing. By doing so, investors can potentially reap the benefits of this tax-efficient investment tool.